Powel Shoreline Restoration Design
Section 106 of the NHPA | Bainbridge Island, Kitsap County, WA
CRC provided a cultural resource assessment and archaeological monitoring for the Powel Shoreline Restoration Design Project located along the shoreline of a distinctive early twentieth-century property. The project included a plan to restore nearly 1,500 linear feet of nearshore and marine riparian habitat. Funded by the State Salmon Recovery Funding Board, the project required cultural resources review under the GEO 05-05, as well as compliance with Section 106 of the NHPA due to the issuance of a COE permit for modifications to the shoreline. The planned restoration of shoreline habitat required the removal of various bulkhead installations that enclosed most of the shore. The structures were not considered to be historically significant; however, they were recorded on an archaeological inventory form, which is consistent with state policy regarding historic era ruins. Fieldwork identified Native American archaeological deposits, which were an extension of a previously recorded archaeological site. CRC amended the archaeological site form for the resource to include the newly identified midden deposits and disturbances that had occurred to the site since its original recordation. It was determined that intact cultural deposits could remain in key places. CRC conducted archaeological monitoring during the removal of bulkheads and shoreline restoration. CRC also recommended development of a monitoring plan in collaboration with the Suquamish Tribe and the identification of specific locales where monitoring would occur.